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EDU is ripe for disruption – SXSW – EDU 2012

how can i buy topamax The Education industry had a major presence at SXSW Interactive 2012. There were folks from the traditional schools, various technology providers, book publishers, and of course students.

The major themes from the show point to a potential tectonic shift in the fundamentals of how to deliver knowledge, how to measure knowledge and what today’s definition of knowledge is.

All of this was rooted in the following problems with Education these days:

  1. Education is too expensive, especially at the higher education levels
  2. Learning materials are outdated before they are printed
  3. School budgets are being cut
  4. Manufacturing jobs are expected to decline and the need for knowledge workers continues to expand
  5. New technologies allow for different types of engagement, does the concept of testing book knowledge still work?
  6. Attention spans of kids these days is becoming shorter
  7. Interest levels in key areas like Math and Science have been suffering especially in minorities and women
  8. Class sizes in the K-12 sector are too big, and many kids are slipping through the system
There is no doubt that Education has some issues. Did the SXSW 2012 conference fix any of those issues? Not at all. But it was highly effective in putting attention on the issues. I also think there are some exciting technology platforms which are helping reduce the cost and scale issues.

EDU has 3 Macro Level Issues:

  1. Cost
  2. Scale
  3. Jobs
Ultimately any form of education is intended to prepare you for a job or way to generate value for the economy. Some may argue against this but the reality is that we need to train people to keep our economy strong.
From a cost perspective, some of the most interesting models revolved around just flat out free courses.
  • Udacity.com – Spawned from the Stanford AI course, this follows the MOOC methodology and offers a certification at the end.
  • KhanAcademy.org  – this has become the darling of the industry especially within the math community. Delivering high quality lectures about complex topics.
  • MITx – MIT has been putting its courses online for a few years now, but more recently they re-focused and are now allowing for certification under these free courses.
From a scale perspective, there are a few approaches out there that were highlighted during SXSW.
  • Udemy.com – an online learning platform which allows regular people to teach others. You can either charge or host free courses. The courses can be broken up into chapters, you can host slides, videos and lecture notes in one place. You also get to see what other students are taking the class.
  • SkillShare.com – this site is focusing on local real life gatherings to teach any topic. For instance if you are Photography pro, you can find a class in Austin teaching you about digital flash photography. The course is taught in a local bar, church, outside, and for a fee usually. It is a great way to learn new things and usually focuses on passion topics. Consider this the Pinterest.com of education.
  • Virginia Tech’s – PlaidAvenger.com – Prof. Boyer teaches a physical class of 3000 students. He uses tools such as Twitter, Facebook and SpreeCast.com to interact with his students and assess them.
From a job perspective, there weren’t any platforms which allowed you to verify what you have learned. My guess is that most employers will take years to change their job requirements of “bachelor degree required” and realize that many students will not have degrees.
  • This is a major opportunity for anyone interested in building a verification system that employers will use. Consider this a Klout score for a highly dynamic education which may be drawn upon from a variety of sources.

What does this all mean for the For-Profit EDU sector and the future of the US Economy?

For the for-profit schools, there are some great opportunities to buy into these platforms. Why? Because they are amazing lead gen vehicles. People are already self identifying that they are life long learners and willing to commit to a schedule. These are key factors in creating high LTV students for schools.
Schools don’t want to give away free classes all the time. Why not let these sites help students get more accustomed to online learning and then sell them on your brand rather than jumping over the hurdle of teaching them about online learning?

The other benefit of these platforms versus the current online classes is that they help create long term communities based on interests. These platforms are built around social so they automatically pull from the social graph and help find new connections based on real world interests. As an on online student if I know more about the other people in my class, the more likely I am able to draw support from them. It is also a good way of learning when you can start to argue a point of view on a topic, which increases your critical thinking skills and knowledge retention.

From a technology perspective, these new platforms highlight that the new device formats are enabling much richer learning experiences. You can have a shared workspace while video chatting with other students on a iPad  these days. Why are our schools focusing on an one way old format of video lectures? The key is not just being social, but it is about convergence. How can we leverage video, the social graph, and instant communication to create higher knowledge retention and much higher levels of engagement. The focus must shift from learning to pass a test to learning because you are truly interested in a subject.

Another major point of the new technology platforms is that the courses are asynchronous. They allow people to learn when they have time. Most people drop out of school because they have a major life event which reduces their free time. Why not be able to pay for a course and learn it for a period of 2-3 years? Why can’t the online schools be more flexible for the reality of life?  Loyalty and brand in the Education space will be built upon not only the quality of education but it will also be based on the “realness” of the education. Does the school realize I might have a kid this year? Does the school realize I might lose my job this year? Does the school teach me what I really need to know for my dream job?

From a cost perspective, I think schools will start to offer a la carte degrees. The requirements of liberal arts classes in an economics degree are what upset people these days. You have to $50k a year to learn stuff you have no interest in. How about I spend $30k and learn exactly what I want and need? Online schools are capable of shifting resources from an operational perspective much faster than a traditional school. Why not take advantage of this “curated approach” to learning and create more students that stay in school.

The US economy has much to gain from these platforms. It will enable thousands to learn new skills necessary for non-manufacturing jobs. The learning platforms also preserve older trade skills which are quickly being lost, for instance how to make jelly at home.

None of these new platforms will drive major long term growth for the economy unless employers accept them as valid learning systems.  The term “life-experience credits” will be increasingly important. From a financial point of view, these new learning systems delivering value at scale and in a cost effective format will help reduce our dependence on student loans and allow for greater expendable income at a younger age. Imagine how many more 20 year olds may purchase long term assets instead of servicing their loan payment?  From a macro economic point of view will drive significant increases in wealth and lead to greater stability in the economy.

I think EDU is being targeted for a disruption, especially under the current Democratic administration. Will this top down approach yield a true revolution in EDU? It is too soon to tell, but November 2012 will be a good time to check in again….

Education at SXSW 2012

SXSW Interactive 2012 is quickly wrapping up and it was an exciting show to say the least. The amount of information being shared and created was just tremendous.

There were some clear themes in the show that revolved around education, healthcare, curating social, mobile and government reform.

Given the rather upbeat tone in the economy these days, not much was said about flow of cash since it is assumed that the money is there and flowing.

Education specifically exhibited some extremely strong undertones of things changing very soon. The overall themes within education revolved around the following topics:

  1. Education is too expensive.
  2. Current schools and curriculums are not flexible enough to incorporate new technologies.
  3. Retention of information seems to be a new metric rather than focusing on the brand of the school. However the metric itself is measured in pro0longed engagement rather than a letter grade.
  4. Scale is a huge issue. How can you teach more people and keep costs manageable?
  5. With scale, the paradigm of one to many shifts to many to many teaching. The group itself starts to teach itself and automatically clusters at scale.
  6. Non-traditional learning tools may revamp the education system.

When observing the different tracks at SXSW, it is clear that the traditional schools are eager to change but do not know where to go. Sites like skillshare.com, udactiy.com, udemy.com and khanacademy.org are leading the way. They are creating new communities of people that want to learn and teach without the need to earn a degree or certification.

A very interesting talk by the Plaid Avenger Prof. John Boyer of Virginia Tech emphasized that you can create engagement and knowledge retention even with classes of 3000 people. He creates environments for the students and allows them to develop them around current political topics. From his lecture you can easily see that his methods are un-orthodox but highly effective for some students. It allows the millenials to engage in technology that they know well and integrate learning into their daily routine rather than setting aside time to read an out of date book.

I personally see Prof. Boyer’s as a hybrid model which is a way for traditional schools to incorporate new ideas but it may have long term scale issues. Will his model have any effect on the for-profit sector? Probably not, he is still dealing with the traditional learner who is able to get into a school like Virginia Tech to begin with.

From the various discussions it is also clear that technologies like the iPad are being heavily integrated into the K-12 space. Book content for these devices is available but doesn’t take full advantage of the capabilities of the device. Many people in the audience also felt that just taping lectures and putting them online was not sufficient. Without the interactivity the concept of online delivery is faulted.

Is there a clear guide to online delivery? Not yet. I think the reason that people don’t understand what they want to deliver online is rooted in the fact that they are not sure if their core metrics around institution quality are still valid.

Is a person’s measure of knowledge based on his or her grades or his or her ability to digest a topic and effectively argue for or against it? Lastly, how does all this relate back to the brand? I don’t get a feeling that the Harvards of the world want everyone to be a Harvard alumni.

Even though the masses think that college is too expensive, there will always be a population that is willing and able to pay for a premium brand. The larger debate is that does everyone need or want a higher education? Without a clear consensus on this you will not see any major government reform in the near future for this sector.

One thing that was not really covered at SXSW was how employers will deal with all these new education platforms. If you were hiring a fresh college grad that only took classes with 3k people in them, would you be concerned about the quality of their education? If a person took relevant clases on a site like SkillShare.com how would you asses their knowledge within organization?

In the next 12 months, I strongly recommend trying out sites like SkillShare.com and Udemy.com. The educating sector is ripe for a massive restructuring.